Most modern SATA disks now are based on the 4 KB sector technology. The drive's firmware makes them appear as 512 byte/sector, for compatibility reasons with various software maintenance tools. The 512 byte concept is well tested over the years. Physical sector size value doesn't really offer any useful info for the software partitioning and formatting operations, especially if we follow the Mib alignment option for the partitions (a defacto standard for all operating systems since a decade or more).
The parted output from the terminal gives both values, logical as well as physical.
*** It is highly recommended to backup any important files before doing resize/move operations. ***